When you talk about back pain physical therapy, many people may get confused. Back pain Physical therapy is what is commonly known as back pain physiotherapy. Physical therapy treatment involves the mechanical or manual movement of various parts of the body to promote mobility or function to these body parts.
Physical therapists known as physiotherapists deliver the physical therapy services. The services can be provided as the initial services during treatment or in conjunction with other treatment plans.
Goals of back pain Physical Therapy
After a period of severe back pain that has lasted over three months or, in a situation where back pain is recurrent, physical therapy is normally recommended. Most back pain specialists recommend physical therapy alongside the back treatments especially if the pain is severe. Here are the main five benefits f physical therapy.
- To educate the patients on the benefits of stretching that is involved during the physical therapy. The stretching helps to manage back pain and also promote tissue healing.
- To educate pack pain patients on the importance of adopting proper posture habits so as to promote a healthy spine.
- Accelerating the healing process while focusing on pain and inflammation reduction. Also, therapists recommend back pain physical therapy to restore muscle flexibility, strengthen back muscles, facilitate joint mobility and also promote spine motion.
- When a patient gets physical therapy, they get the knowledge on how to prevent future occurrences of back and neck pain.
- Manage and reduce exacerbations of back pain. Patients may find it difficult during the initials sessions, but with time they will adapt and live a pain-free life.
Facts About Back Pain That You Didn’t Know
- Studies reveal that over 90% of the population have experienced back pain at least once in their lives.
- Many people experience back and neck pain. The pain may radiate to the arms and legs.
- Episodes of back pain may become worse with time and can also radiate further from its point of origin.
- Address back pain problems as soon as it occurs. By doing this, you will prevent cases of back surgeries by 95%.
Adopting a Back Pain Physical Therapy Program
A back pain physical therapy consists of two main components;
- Passive physical therapy – therapy to manage and reduce levels of pain.
- Active exercise – therapy where patients do physical body exercises to help strengthen back muscles and also reduce back pain.
Passive Physical Therapy
The passive therapy focuses mainly on decreasing the levels of pain. It involves the use of passive physical modalities offered by physical therapists to the patient, rather than the patient participating. Example of passive back pain therapy include;
- Use of heat and ice packs
Heat and Cold Therapy
Heat and cold therapy is the commonly known modality to reduce back pain. Commonly, it is used to reduce muscle spasm and any inflammation. Patients are different, and what works best for me might be different from what works for you. Some patients may get relief from using the cold therapy while others the heat therapy works for them better.
The heat and cold therapy are applied for 10-30 minutes in every two hours at the initial stages of back pain.
Iontophoresis therapy involves the delivery of steroids through the skin, and later an electric current is applied to make them migrate under the skin. This therapy gives an anti- inflammatory effect on the area with the pain. The modality is best to relieve acute back pains.
Ultra sound therapy involves deep heating where sound waves are subjected to the skin to penetrate the skin to the soft tissues during the ultra sound therapy. This therapy is effective in relieving acute pain and also promotes tissue healing.
Active Physical Exercise
Active back physical therapy is vital for the rehabilitation of the spine. A patient may choose to combine with passive physical therapy active therapy with passive therapy as a way of gets rid of the back pain. Active physical therapy comprises of the following;
Stretching Back Exercises
Individuals suffering from back pain should at least do hamstring muscle stretches at least twice a day. Hamstring stretches are easy to do, but one can easily forget if they experience little or no pain. Incorporate this simple exercise in your daily schedule and at try to do them at the same time each day. There other several exercises that can help you relieve your back pain.
• Read more: Do you have Lower Back pain? Exercises That Might Help
Strengthening Back Exercises
It is vital to schedule back strengthening exercises around 15- 30 minutes a day. This helps with lumbar stabilization, and it is important to do them on a daily basis. Muscle strengthening muscles are important for relieving lower back pain. You need to do the exercises the right way so as to see the difference. They are better done with the help of a physical therapist.
Aerobics are known to help with long term pain reduction. There many low-aerobic activities you could try out. Walking and water therapy is the best examples of low aerobic conditioning exercises. For better results, it is best to do them at least three times a week for 20- 30 minutes.
If you have a busy schedule, try as much to set some time aside to at least do the active physical back pain therapy so as to maintain a healthy spine.